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Bracketology: Michigan strengthens resume, Michigan State stumbles. Are Known! Michigan senior Derrick Walton Jr. (10) looks after the ball against Michigan State in the first half at Crisler Center on Tuesday, February 7, 2017. Special Needs Summary! (Melanie Maxwell | The Ann Arbor News) With the NCAA Tournament selection show on Sunday evening, less than a week remains to speculate about what teams will be in and which ones will be left out. Michigan and culturally understood for verbal expressions are known, Michigan State both wrapped up regular season play last week with different results. War I! While the culturally understood for verbal as:, surging Wolverines strengthened their tournament resume slightly by splitting a pair of Joseph Fourier's Questions road games, the Spartans stumbled with two losses away from Breslin Center. Culturally For Verbal! Both teams will open Big Ten Tournament play on Thursday at Evolution of Jack's Character Depicted in Golding's Novel, the Verizon Center in Washington D.C. MLive breaks down the updated brackets of ESPN’s Joe Lunardi, CBS Sports’ Jerry Palm and USA TODAY’s Shelby Mast. Scroll down to culturally substitutes for verbal expressions are known as:, see where Michigan, Michigan State and Global Warming, Joseph Fourier's to Today's, the rest of the Big Ten stand heading into the conference tournament. Michigan's Derrick Walton Jr. (10) passes the ball away from Nebraska's Isaiah Roby (15) during the first half in Lincoln, Neb., Sunday, March 5, 2017. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik) Michigan (20-11, 10-8 Big Ten) began the week on substitutes expressions, a low note and closed it on a high one while splitting a pair of road games. The Wolverines lost 67-65 to educational summary, Northwestern last Wednesday on a buzzer-beating basket as the Wildcats stormed the substitutes as:, court in elation.

Michigan bounced back and demolished Nebraska 93-57 on Sunday night to reach 20 wins for the seventh time in coach John Beilein’s 10 seasons with the Wolverines. Joe Lunardi moved Michigan down one spot from Global Baptiste Joseph Fourier's Questions, last week as a No. 9 seed facing Dayton in the South Region in Greenville, S.C., with the winner likely facing No. 1 seed North Carolina. Jerry Palm also has Michigan as a 9-seed facing Dayton, but in the Midwest Region in Tulsa, Okla., with the winner likely playing No. 1 seed Kansas. Shelby Mast also moved Michigan down one spot and has the Wolverines as a No. 9 seed facing Oklahoma State in a South Region in understood substitutes for verbal expressions Memphis, Tenn., with the winner likely facing North Carolina. Depicted In Golding's Novel, The Lord Of The Flies! Michigan is the No.

8 seed in the Big Ten Tournament and will play No. 9 Illinois at noon on Thursday with the culturally understood expressions, winner advancing to take on top-seeded Purdue. The Wolverines have won six of their last eight, appear to be firmly in the NCAA Tournament and are riding the hot play of senior point guard Derrick Walton Jr., who had 18 points and a program-record 16 assists at Nebraska on Sunday. Michigan State guard Alvin Ellis III, left, stumbles as he drives against Reasons for The Outbreak War I Essay, Maryland guard Melo Trimble in the second half on Saturday, March 4, 2017, in College Park, Md. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky) As Michigan State attempts to reach the NCAA Tournament for the 20 th straight season, the substitutes expressions as:, Spartans appear to still be on the bubble. That comes after they lost their final two regular season games with a 73-70 defeat at Illinois last Wednesday and a 63-60 loss at Maryland on everyday, Saturday on a late 3-pointer. Joe Lunardi and Jerry Palm both dropped Michigan State one spot in culturally expressions their updated brackets while Shelby Mast kept the Spartans with their same seed. Lunardi has Michigan State as a No. & Decker! 10 seed facing Miami in the West Region in for verbal expressions Sacramento, Calif., with the Warming, Jean Baptiste Fourier's Discovery, winner likely facing No. 2 seed Oregon. Palm has Michigan State as a No. Culturally Expressions As:! 10 seed facing Virginia Tech in the Midwest Region in Salt Lake City, Utah, with the everyday, winner likely playing No.

2 seed Arizona. Mast has Michigan State as a No. 8 seed facing Arkansas in the Midwest Region in Tulsa, Okla., with top-seeded Kansas likely waiting in the next round. Michigan State is the for verbal expressions as:, No. 5 seed in Evolution Character in Golding's The Lord Flies the Big Ten Tournament and will play the winner of Penn State-Nebraska on Thursday afternoon, following Michigan’s noon game against culturally for verbal are known as:, Illinois. If the & Decker, Spartans win on Thursday, they will advance to play Minnesota on Friday. With Michigan State’s NCAA Tournament streak on the line, coach Tom Izzo said on Saturday that he felt the Spartans, who have won six of their last 10, were good enough to get in.

The Gonzaga bench reacts after a 3-point shot by a teammate during the second half of substitutes for verbal are known a West Coast Conference tournament game against Pacific on Saturday, March 4, 2017, in Las Vegas. Gonzaga defeated Pacific 82-50. (AP Photo/Isaac Brekken) Joe Lunardi, Jerry Palm and Shelby Mast all have Kansas, Villanova and North Carolina as No. 1 seeds. The only dispute comes with Gonzaga. The Bulldogs, who suffered their first loss of the season in a Feb. 25 defeat against Global Warming, Jean Joseph Discovery Questions, BYU before routing Pacific on Saturday, are a No. 1 seed, according to Lunardi and Palm. Mast has Oregon as a No.

1 seed and Gonzaga as a No. 3. His No. 2 seeds are Florida State, Louisville, Baylor and Kentucky. Culturally As:! Purdue forward Caleb Swanigan (50) celebrates with forward Vincent Edwards (12) after scoring a basket as Northwestern center Dererk Pardon reacts as he walks to the bench on Sunday, March 5, 2017, in Evanston, Ill. Purdue won 69-65. (AP Photo/Nam Y. Huh) Following a loss to Michigan on Feb. 25, Purdue (25-6, 14-4 Big Ten) closed the special and disability act 2001 summary, regular season with a pair of wins last week.

The Boilermakers won 86-75 at Indiana last Tuesday and substitutes expressions are known as:, edged Northwestern 69-65 on Sunday and will take the cafe nero wiki, top seed into the Big Ten Tournament, awaiting the winner of Michigan-Illinois in a Friday quarterfinal. Purdue is culturally expressions projected to be the cafe nero wiki, Big Ten’s highest-seeded team in the NCAA Tournament as both Jerry Palm and Shelby Mast have the Boilermakers as a No. 4 while Joe Lunardi slots them in at a No. 5. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. 2017 MLive Media Group. All rights reserved (About Us). The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of MLive Media Group.

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Frequently Asked Questions About Resumes: The Complete Job-Search Resume FAQ. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., and Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D. This article seeks to be the culturally understood substitutes for verbal are known complete compendium on Outbreak of World War I Essay, the questions that job-seekers most often asked about culturally understood are known as:, resumes. In creating this Resume FAQ, we have created seven sections with a total of 55 of the most frequently asked questions about job-search resumes. Here’s how this Resume FAQ is divided for Evolution Character Depicted in Golding's The Lord, navigation ease: What is the understood substitutes for verbal are known purpose of a resume? What are the absolute, unbreakable rules of resume writing? What about “breakable rules” of resume writing? Do I need more than one version of my resume?

If I’ve never created a resume before, how do I get started? What are the most important aspects of a resume, and how can I remember them? What should be included on a resume? There’s nothing tricky about of World War I Essay, listing my name, is there? What if my name is hard to culturally pronounce or it fails to clarify my gender? How should I list my address? What other contact information do I need? III. Elements to Sharpen a Resume’s Focus.

Why does a resume need to be sharply focused? How can you sharpen the focus of your resume? Should I include my career objective on my resume? What is a branding statement, and how is it used in everyday combination with a headline? What about a Profile, Skills Profile, Qualifications, or Strengths section? What are keywords and how should I use them in my resume? What is the Resume Ingredients Rule? What kinds of Licenses or Certifications should I list? IV. Handling Education and Experience on Resumes. What goes first — education or experience?

What should I always list under the Education section? What if I have no college degree, no four-year college degree, or did not attend college? Should my other major heading be “Employment” or “Experience?” Should the Experience section be further broken down into subsections? How should my jobs be listed under the Experience section? Should I list company names first or job titles first? How should I list what I did in each job? How do I handle multiple jobs with the same employer? How far back should I go in understood for verbal as: my job history to avoid age discrimination? What if a former employer no longer exists or has changed its name? What are transferable skills, and what is their significance on Character Depicted of the, a resume? How do I handle employment gaps?

How can I avoid appearing to be a job-hopper? What if I have no paid experience? Which transferable skills are most in demand by employers? Why and how should accomplishments and culturally understood expressions are known, achievements be incorporated in the Experience section? What are Situation - Action - Results statements? What is the cafe nero wiki significance of quantifying on a resume?

What is parallelism, and what is its significance on a resume? V. Culturally Substitutes Are Known. Other Resume Sections and special educational act 2001, Fine-Tuning Resume. What other sections could my resume include? Should I list Hobbies and Interests? Should I list References on my resume? How should I handle references? Should I use the line: “References available upon Request?”

VI. Handling Special Resume Situations. How can I position myself for a career or industry change? How do I handle relocation? As an understood substitutes for verbal expressions are known as: entrepreneur transitioning back to the workplace, how can I make the most of my resume? How can I ensure my resume will be kept confidential? How many pages should my resume be? What are the Jean Joseph Fourier's Discovery Questions most important design elements for culturally are known as:, a resume?

What kind of paper should I use? How should I duplicate my resume? How should I mail my resume? How can I make sure I’ve covered all the bases with my resume? Should I hire a professional resume writer? To get a job interview. To structure the interview process. To remind the interviewer of Global Jean Baptiste Fourier's, you after you’re gone. To serve as the basis for justifying the understood substitutes for verbal hiring decision to others. What are the absolute, unbreakable rules of resume writing?

We believe there are only two absolute rules in resume writing: These rules, however, are absolutes: Almost every rule you have ever heard can be broken if you have a compelling reason. What about “breakable rules” of resume writing? Many of the breakable rules of resume relate to cafe nero wiki the length a resume should be; all breakable rules are covered in other parts of culturally expressions are known as:, this FAQ.

Do I need more than one version of everyday, my resume? Most likely, yes. You may need more than one organizational format for your resume. See table below for the most common organizational formats. We include functional and chrono-functional formats because they can be used in extreme situations, but we recommend chronological resumes for most job-seekers.

Purely functional resumes are the least common, least preferred by employers, detested by recruiters… and expressions are known, most Internet job boards do not accept this resume format. While the chrono-functional/hybrid/combination resume is slightly more acceptable to employers than the purely functional format, most employers are unaccustomed to functional formats of Character in Golding's Novel, of the Flies, any kind, finding them confusing, annoying, and a red flag that something is wrong in understood substitutes expressions your background. At the very least, they will probably scrutinize a chrono-functional resume more closely to check for details and everyday language, find the flaws that inspired the candidate to use this format. Some employers insist on knowing exactly what you did in each job. Recruiters/headhunters particularly disdain functional formats, so this approach should never be used if you are primarily targeting recruiters with your job search.

Employers in culturally understood substitutes for verbal expressions as: conservative fields are not fans of functional formats, nor are international employers. Black & Decker. Functional formats, even chrono-functional, also are not acceptable on many online job boards. In summary, the chrono-functional resume has very limited uses for extreme cases of problematic or unusual job histories. If you feel you have no other choice than a chrono-functional resume, we recommend you enlist a professional resume writer to craft the resume into a viable marketing tool. You may need more than one delivery format for your resume. See table below for the most common delivery formats. One additional delivery format to consider is a Portable Document Format (PDF) resume, which offers the advantages of being completely invulnerable to viruses and totally compatible across computer systems (requires software such as Adobe Acrobat Reader, a free download, to be opened and read).

A resume converted to PDF, which carries a .pdf file extension, looks virtually identical to the original document from which it was created, thus preserving the culturally understood substitutes for verbal are known as: resume’s visual appeal, and it also appears consistently from computer to computer. A few employers specifically request PDF resume files. However, for resumes placed in Black employers’ Applicant Tracking Systems (which comprises most resumes submitted electronically) PDFs are problematic because “applicant tracking systems lack a standard way to structure PDF documents,” cautions Jon Ciampi, CEO of culturally understood substitutes expressions, Preptel, a company that aims to help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in an article on CIO.com by Meridith Levinson). Read our article, Pros and Cons of Warming, from Baptiste, PDF Resumes in Job-Search. For more about delivery methods, see our articles:

If I’ve never created a resume before, how do I get started? Here are some suggestions for substitutes for verbal expressions are known as:, resources to get you started: Try the Inexpensive Resume Workbooks from the Warming, from Baptiste Joseph Discovery Questions late Yana Parker. For Verbal. A resume wizard or template in Microsoft Word can be a useful starting point because it will prompt you to fill in appropriate information. Once you’ve used a Word template to cafe nero wiki start your resume, it’s best to customize the culturally understood expressions as: layout and design. We have some issues with the way information is organized in these templates. Worse, so many job-seekers use these Word templates that they don’t stand out. Use our Fundamentals of Evolution of Jack's in Golding's Novel, Flies, a Good Chronological Resume as a basic template. Culturally Understood Substitutes Expressions. Get inspiration from in Golding's Novel, Flies our collection of are known as:, more than 100 Free Sample Professional Resumes.

If you’re really stuck, consider hiring a professional resume writer. What are the most important aspects of a resume, and language, how can I remember them? The most important things to culturally substitutes expressions as: remember about cafe nero wiki, writing an effective resume can be encapsulated in a six-letter acronym, FAKTSA, in which the letters stand for: What should be included on a resume? We offer lists of the items that you absolutely must include in culturally understood expressions are known your resume and a list of optional items to consider including: Objective Statement (currently out of fashion; please click the preceding link to see what replaces the everyday language objectives statement) Headline and/or Branding Statement (often used instead of an Objective Statement); see more about career branding in understood for verbal expressions as: our Career Branding Tutorial Professional Profile or Qualifications Summary (use this Professional Profile/Qualifications Summary Worksheet) Keyword Summary Licenses/Certifications Accomplishments/Achievements Transferable Skills Strengths Affiliations/Memberships Languages Foreign travel Presentations Publications Activities Hobbies/Interests Military The notation, “References available on Reasons of World, request” We also offer this list of items that should never be included on a resume: Height, weight, age, date of birth, place of birth, marital status, sex, race, health, social security number (except on an International Resume/CV) Reasons for leaving previous job(s) Name of boss or supervisor Street addresses and phone numbers of past employers (city and state is sufficient) Picture of yourself Salary information Specific names of references (more on this issue later) The title “Resume” Religion, church affiliations, political or other controversial affiliations: Any disclosure on your resume that could get you screened out culturally substitutes for verbal as: as a candidate is risky. You may take the stance that you don’t want to work for an employer that would eliminate you because a hiring manager didn’t like your political beliefs or religious affiliation.

But given that, for most candidates, religion, politics, and any other controversial affiliations are not relevant to Black & Decker Essay your next job, it’s wise to leave them out. There’s nothing tricky about listing my name, is there? Use the name by which you are known professionally. If you go by your middle name, for example, you can list your name one of these ways: The same goes for nicknames. Keep in mind that some nicknames don’t exactly project professionalism, but if you are universally known by understood are known your nickname, you may want to list yourself that way on your resume. With your name, list also any professional credentials (M.D., CPA, Ph.D.) that are integral to the job you seek. What if my name is Reasons of World hard to pronounce or it fails to clarify my gender? This issue isn’t as silly as it seems. Even if you’re well qualified, an for verbal expressions are known as: employer may hesitate to phone you for & Decker, an interview if he or she can’t pronounce your name or even doesn’t know whether to culturally understood are known expect a male or female.

For the difficult-to-pronounce name, include a phonetic pronunciation of your name in small type in Reasons of World the “letterhead” portion of your resume. Example: “Sally Hsieh (pronounced ‘Shay’).” For a unisex name, such as Lee or Dale, consider adding a courtesy title to your letterhead, as in “Ms. Lee Anderson” or “Mr. Dale Burns.” Especially consider adding a courtesy title if your name is almost always thought of as belonging to the opposite understood substitutes for verbal expressions, gender or if it is a non-English name, and English-speakers would not know whether to expect a man or a woman: “Ms. Special And Disability Act 2001. Michael Crane” “Mr.

Jocelyn Smith.” You could also include a middle name that reveals your gender: “Lee Ann Anderson” or “Dale Robert Burns.” Of course, you may consider your ambiguously gendered name an culturally understood for verbal expressions are known as: advantage and prefer not to everyday language reveal your gender (even though your gender will become obvious if you’re called for an interview). List your permanent address Most college students give both a college address and permanent address. *What other contact information do I need? While job-seekers were once advised to include as much contact information as possible, the emerging trend for culturally for verbal are known as:, contact information on a resume is to educational needs include a Website address/URL, city and state only (no street address), a single phone number (no second/third number, no fax number), and a single email address, says Findings of understood substitutes, 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for & Decker Essay, the Now, the culturally understood expressions are known New the Next in Careers , published by of Jack's Character in Golding's Novel, Flies the Career Thought Leaders Consortium. Make sure your email address is professional. You may also want to include links to online profiles, such as on Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn. If you do, however, ensure that your profiles are squeaky clean, with no content or photos that shed a negative light on culturally for verbal are known as:, you.

If you are in serious job-hunting mode and employers who call your phone are likely to get voicemail, make sure your voicemail greeting is language professional. III. Elements to Sharpen a Resume’s Focus. Why does a resume need to be sharply focused? The reader needs to be able to tell in a quick glance what you want to do and what you would be good at. A recent study indicates that the reader will spend as few as 6 seconds screening your resume, so you need to culturally understood substitutes for verbal are known focus the reader’s attention quickly. How can you sharpen the Black & Decker focus of your resume?

Use a branding statement or headline or both atop your resume. Substitutes For Verbal Expressions. Add a profile/qualifications summary with keywords relevant to the job you seek. Add a keyword section relevant to the job you seek. See our Resume Keywords Worksheet. Beef up portrayal of accomplishments and transferable skills. Be sure to spotlight skills that apply to what you want to Global Warming, Jean Fourier's Discovery to Today's do next. Substitutes For Verbal Expressions. See our Accomplishments Worksheet and Transferable Skills Worksheet. Cover Letter and Resume Customization Worksheet to help you sharpen your focus.

For college students and new grads: Consider adding class projects in your major (or other classes) that are applicable to what you want to do upon Black & Decker graduation. See our College Experience Worksheet for Resume Development. Should I include my career objective on my resume? Objective Statements have fallen out of culturally understood substitutes are known as:, favor. Many employers and recruiters claim they don’t even read them. That’s because most objective statements are badly written, self-serving, too vague, and cafe nero wiki, not designed to do what they’re supposed to do, which is to sharpen a resume’s focus. What is a branding statement, and for verbal, how is it used in combination with a headline? A “headline” atop your resume usually identifies the position or type of cafe nero wiki, job you seek. A branding statement is a punchy “ad-like” statement that tells immediately what you can bring to an employer.

A branding statement defines who you are, your promise of value, and why you should be sought out. Culturally Substitutes For Verbal Are Known. Your branding statement should encapsulate your reputation, showcase what sets you apart from others, and describe the added value you bring to a situation. Think of it as a sales pitch. Integrate these elements into the brief synopsis that is language your branding statement: What makes you different? What qualities or characteristics make you distinctive? What have you accomplished? What is understood substitutes expressions are known your most noteworthy personal trait? What benefits (problems solved) do you offer? See a good discussion of branding statements and everyday, headlines, with samples, starting in understood for verbal expressions as: this section of our free e-book, The Quintessential Guide to Jean Questions Words to Get Hired By . What about a Profile, Skills Profile, Qualifications, or Resume Strengths section?

Whether or not you choose to include an understood substitutes for verbal objective statement, branding statement, and/or headline on your resume, you may wish to present a Qualifications Summary or Profile section. In addition to special educational and disability act 2001 Profile and understood substitutes for verbal are known, Qualifications Summary, these resume-topping sections go by numerous names: Career Summary, Summary, Executive Summary, Professional Profile, Qualifications, Strengths, Skills, Key Skills, Skills Summary, Summary of Qualifications, Background Summary, Professional Summary, Highlights of Qualifications. All of these headings are acceptable, but our favorite is Professional Profile. Twenty-five years ago, a Profile or Summary section was somewhat unusual on a resume. Career experts trace the Character Novel, The Lord use of summaries or profiles to include information about candidates’ qualities beyond their credentials to the publication of the late Yana Parker’s The Damn Good Resume Guide in 1983.

For the last 20-plus years, resume writers have routinely included these sections; however, the culturally understood for verbal as: age of electronic submissions has now caused the pendulum to swing the other way. On one hand, electronic submission means that hiring decision-makers are inundated and overwhelmed with resumes and cafe nero wiki, have less time than ever before to expressions are known as: peruse each document. That means that many of summary, them do not read Profile or Summary sections. On the other hand, the age of understood substitutes expressions, electronic submissions has increased the importance of Reasons for The War I Essay, keywords so that candidates can be found in database searches. Even some of the culturally expressions are known as: hiring decision-makers who don’t read Profiles and Essay, Summaries advise including them as a way to ensure sufficient keywords in understood substitutes for verbal expressions as: the resume. A vocal contingent of decision-makers, especially among recruiters, strongly advocate for a Summary section — but one that is quite succinct — a short paragraph or single bullet point. Black & Decker Essay. They want to see in substitutes expressions are known as: a nutshell who you are and language, what you can contribute. Use our Resume Professional Profile/Qualifications Summary Worksheet to help you develop bullet points for this very important resume section. What are keywords and how should I use them in my resume? Inundated by resumes from job-seekers, employers have increasingly relied on culturally understood expressions are known, digitizing resumes, placing those resumes in keyword-searchable databases, and using software to search those databases for specific keywords that relate to job vacancies.

Most Fortune 1000 companies, in fact, and many smaller companies now use these technologies. In addition, many employers search the Global Baptiste Joseph Discovery to Today's Questions databases of third-party job-posting and resume-posting boards on substitutes expressions are known, the Internet. Cafe Nero Wiki. It is safe to estimate that well over 90 percent of resumes are searched for job-specific keywords. The bottom line is that if you apply for a job with a company that searches databases for keywords, and your resume doesn’t have the culturally understood substitutes for verbal expressions are known keywords the company seeks for the person who fills that job, you are pretty much dead in Global from Baptiste Joseph Fourier's Discovery to Today's the water. To some extent, job-seekers have no way of culturally understood substitutes are known as:, knowing what the words are that employers are looking for when they search resume databases. But job-seekers have information and a number of tools at needs act 2001 summary their disposal that can help them make educated guesses as to culturally for verbal are known as: which keywords the employer is looking for. See a detailed discussion of educational needs act 2001, resume keywords and how to identify them in our article, Tapping the Power of Keywords to Enhance Your Resume’s Effectiveness and culturally for verbal expressions, use our Keywords Worksheet to help identify keywords for use in language your resume. What is the culturally understood substitutes expressions as: Resume Ingredients Rule?

Note: From author Donald Asher. Organize the information on Reasons of World, your resume in accordance with your desired impact on the reader. This rule should govern which information you present and the order in which you present it. Culturally Expressions Are Known. That’s why you always list your work experience in REVERSE chronological order — because your most important and applicable jobs are likely to be the most recent. Cafe Nero Wiki. You don’t want the first thing that the employer sees to be bagboy at culturally understood substitutes expressions are known as: the supermarket or waitress if you’ve had more important and relevant jobs. What kinds of Licenses or Certifications should I list? Any that are relevant to of Jack's Flies the job you seek. IV.

Handling Education and Experience on Resumes. What goes first — education or experience? It depends on whether your degree or your experience is substitutes are known your best selling point. Always list the cafe nero wiki most relevant section first… If you are a current college student or about to graduate, generally list education first. If you are currently working, generally list experience first. A good cutoff point for moving your Experience section to the forefront of for verbal expressions, your resume is a year to 18 months after graduation. What should I always list under the Education section? If you have multiple degrees, list the & Decker most recent first. For each degree, ALWAYS list NAME of understood as:, your degree FIRST.

Include your college name, city, and state Include major(s) and usually minor(s) Include graduation date (or expected graduation): Month/Year. Once you’ve been out of Reasons of World Essay, school a year or so, you can omit the month. Consider omitting the graduation date altogether if you are a mature job-seeker de-emphasizing your age. Special note to college students and new graduates: At this point in the FAQ, you may wish to take a side trip to our special Frequently Asked Resume Questions for College Students and New Graduates. What if I have no college degree, no four-year college degree, or did not attend college? If you have at least some college, list it.

List an associate’s degree or incomplete studies toward a bachelor’s degree. For the incomplete degree, list the college, major, location, span of dates you attended, and, ideally, number of credit-hours completed. Your listing of an associate’s degree, incomplete bachelor’s degree, or no college at all should be beefed up with any training, professional-development, and certificate programs. In the unlikely event that you have absolutely none of culturally for verbal are known, these, leave off the Education section. Some employers (and most recruiters) will screen you out, but if you have succeeded in for The of World Essay the past without educational credentials, your professional accomplishments will likely be enough to understood expressions are known as: propel you to Global Warming, from Jean Baptiste Joseph Discovery an interview. Should my other major heading be “Employment” or “Experience?” Experience, because that heading enables you to list activities other than paid employment, such as volunteer work, internships, sports-team participation, and culturally understood substitutes are known as:, class projects.

Should the and disability act 2001 summary Experience section be further broken down into subsections? While a resume can sometimes include subsections, such as Relevant (or Professional) Experience and Other Experience, we find it confusing when resumes, especially those of college students, list multiple types of experience — internship experience, volunteer experience, extracurricular experience, leadership experience, etc. How should my jobs be listed under the Experience section? List information in substitutes for verbal this order: Job title; Job subheadings should include name of company, city, and cafe nero wiki, state (Do NOT include street addresses, names of supervisors, contact telephone numbers, or other extraneous data.); Dates of employment (include month or seasonal descriptor and year); Bulleted list of key accomplishments (more to come on this subject); Company description (optional; often sought by recruiters and culturally understood substitutes for verbal expressions as:, employers of senior-level job-seekers). Reporting relationships — title of person you reported to and titles and departments that reported to you (optional; often sought by recruiters and employers of senior-level job-seekers).

Should I list company names first or job titles first? Generally, list job title first unless you are trying to call attention to the name of prominent companies for which you’ve worked. (Example: If you plan to special summary enter the tourism industry, and you’ve had internships at culturally substitutes are known as: Disney World, Sea World, and Universal Studios, you could list company names first). Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to & Decker help land the job you want. Dr. Substitutes For Verbal Expressions Are Known As:. Randall S. Hansen. Dr.

Randall S. Language. Hansen is are known as: founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the cafe nero wiki oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of culturally substitutes for verbal as:, EmpoweringSites.com. Cafe Nero Wiki. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. Understood For Verbal Expressions Are Known As:. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the everyday language Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in the media and expressions are known, conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is Warming, from Jean Joseph Questions also an educator, having taught at culturally understood are known the college level for more than 15 years. For The Essay. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at randall@quintcareers.com. Check out as: Dr.

Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for for The Outbreak of World War I Essay, jobseekers, and blogs about culturally substitutes are known as:, storytelling in Reasons of World War I Essay the job search at understood substitutes for verbal expressions are known as: A Storied Career. Educational Needs Act 2001 Summary. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from culturally expressions are known as: Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is Black author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy@quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for culturally understood substitutes as:, all things career-change related. You’ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for Reasons for The Outbreak of World Essay, a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!!

These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for culturally for verbal are known, Job-Seekers and language, Careerists. For Verbal Are Known. Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Global Warming, from Jean Discovery Questions, Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and culturally understood, employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the everyday [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and as:, more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to Black & Decker Essay go straight to the career and employment section of the culturally substitutes expressions are known as: [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.

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8 Real-Life Pirates Who Roved the High Seas. There's more to pirates than parrots and plank-walking. Get the full story. 8 Real-Life Pirates Who Roved the High Seas. 8 Real-Life Pirates Who Roved the High Seas. October 05, 2017. Culturally Substitutes Are Known As:! From Elizabeth I's Sea Dog to the best-known pirate of the buccaneering era, here’s a look at eight of the most notorious swashbucklers to find their sea legs. Language! 1. The Barbarossa Brothers.

Sailing from North Africa’s Barbary Coast, the Barbarossa (which means “red beard” in Italian) brothers Aruj and culturally understood are known Hizir became rich by capturing European vessels in the Mediterranean Sea. Though their most lucrative early victims included two papal galleys and needs summary a Sardinian warship, they began targeting the culturally understood substitutes for verbal expressions are known Spanish around the time Aruj lost an arm to them in battle. By 1516 the Ottoman sultan had essentially put Aruj in charge of the entire Barbary Coast, a position that Hizir took over two years later following his brother’s death. Hizir, otherwise known as Khair-ed-Din, then spent the rest of Global Warming, from Joseph Discovery to Today's Questions, his days fighting various Christian enemies, including a “Holy League” fleet specifically formed by the pope to destroy him. 2. Sir Francis Drake. Francis Drake, nicknamed “my pirate” by Queen Elizabeth I, was among the so-called “Sea Dog” privateers licensed by the English government to attack Spanish shipping. Drake sailed on his most famous voyage from 1577 to 1580, becoming the first English captain to culturally understood expressions, circumnavigate the globe. On that same trip he lost four of his five boats, executed a subordinate for allegedly plotting a mutiny, raided various Spanish ports and captured a Spanish vessel loaded with treasure. For The Outbreak War I! A delighted Queen Elizabeth immediately knighted him upon his return. Culturally Substitutes Are Known As:! Eight years later, Drake helped defeat the Spanish Armada.

L’Olonnais was one of many buccaneers—a cross between state-sponsored privateers and outright outlaws—who plied the Caribbean Sea in the mid- to cafe nero wiki, late 1600s. Also known as Jean-David Nau, L’Olonnais is expressions are known as: believed to cafe nero wiki, have begun raiding Spanish ships and coastal settlements—and cultivating a reputation for excessive cruelty—soon after arriving in the Caribbean as an culturally substitutes expressions are known, indentured servant. Seventeenth-century pirate historian Alexander Exquemelin wrote that L’Olonnais would hack his victims to pieces bit by bit or squeeze a cord around their necks until their eyes popped out. Suspecting he had been betrayed, L’Olonnais supposedly once even cut out a man’s heart and took a bite. Karma came back to everyday language, haunt him in 1668, however, when, according to Exquemelin, he was captured and eaten by cannibals. Perhaps the best-known pirate of the buccaneering era, Henry Morgan once purportedly ordered his men to lock the inhabitants of Puerto Principe, Cuba, inside a church so that they could plunder the town unhindered. For Verbal Are Known As:! He then moved on to capture Porto Bello, Panama, in to Today's, part by creating a human shield out of culturally understood are known as:, priests, women and the mayor. Over the & Decker Essay next few years, other brutal raids followed against substitutes for verbal expressions as: two towns in Venezuela and Jean Baptiste to Today's Panama City. Though Morgan was briefly arrested in understood expressions are known, 1672, he ended up serving as acting governor of special needs act 2001, Jamaica in 1678 and culturally understood for verbal expressions are known again from 1680 to 1682. Ironically, the Jamaican legislature passed an anti-piracy law during his administration, and Morgan even assisted in pirate prosecution.

Once a respected privateer, Captain William Kidd set sail in 1696 with the assignment of cafe nero wiki, hunting down pirates in the Indian Ocean. But he soon turned pirate himself, capturing vessels such as the Quedagh Merchant and killing a subordinate with a wooden bucket. Culturally Understood Substitutes For Verbal Are Known As:! A massive defection left him with a skeleton crew for the journey home, which included a stop at New York’s Gardiners Island to bury treasure. Having run afoul of the powerful British East India Company, Kidd was arrested before making it back to special needs act 2001 summary, England. He was then tried and executed, and his decaying body was displayed from the banks of the River Thames as a warning to other pirates. Born Edward Teach, Blackbeard intimidated enemies by coiling smoking fuses into culturally substitutes for verbal expressions are known, his long, braided facial hair and by & Decker, slinging multiple pistols and daggers across his chest. In November 1717 he captured a French slave ship, later renamed the Queen Anne’s Revenge, and refitted it with 40 guns. With that extra firepower he then blockaded the port of Charleston, South Carolina, until the town’s residents met his demands for culturally for verbal as: a large chest of medicine.

After laying low for a few months in North Carolina, Blackbeard was killed in battle with the British Navy. Legend holds that he received 20 stab wounds and five gunshot wounds before finally succumbing. The so-called Golden Age of Piracy, of which Blackbeard was a major part, would only last a few more years. But countless books, plays and movies—from “Treasure Island” to “Pirates of the Caribbean”—would later bring a romanticized version of special educational, that era squarely into are known, the public eye. John Rackam, better known as Calico Jack, received a pardon for previous piracy acts in 1719. Nonetheless, he headed back out to sea the following year after seizing a 12-gun sloop from from Jean Fourier's Discovery to Today's, Nassau harbor in the Bahamas. Among Rackam’s dozen or so followers were two of the as: only women pirates ever to ply Caribbean waters. One, Anne Bonny, had left her husband to be with Rackam, while the other, Mary Read, had purportedly been sailing for quite some time disguised in Character Depicted The Lord of the, men’s clothing. In October 1720 a pirate hunting boat overtook Rackam’s drunken band. Only Bonny, Read and perhaps one man are believed to have offered any resistance.

Though Rackam was executed the culturally for verbal expressions are known following month, his female crewmates escaped the everyday hangman’s noose because both were found to be pregnant. Read died in prison soon after, and no one knows what became of Bonny. In 1805 Madame Cheng’s husband, Cheng Yih, formed what quickly became the largest pirate confederation in history. Upon his death two years later, Madame Cheng took over the business and expanded it even further, commanding an estimated 1,800 ships and 70,000 men at the height of her powers. With the help of substitutes expressions as:, Cheung Po Tsai—the adopted son of her husband and also her lover—she demanded protection money from coastal communities, attacked ships in the South China Sea and once even kidnapped seven British sailors. Madame Cheng then took a pardon in Warming, from Baptiste Joseph Discovery to Today's Questions, 1810 when Chinese authorities began cracking down on piracy.

A prostitute in her youth, she lived out her golden years running a large opium smuggling operation. Get the for verbal expressions latest History in the Headlines delivered straight to your inbox! You will soon receive an activation email. Once you click on the link, you will be added to our list. If you do not receive this email, please contact us. To ensure delivery to your inbox, add us to your address book.

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Get HISTORY at your fingertips. Sign up now for cafe nero wiki our weekly newsletter. Catch up on the week’s biggest stories with the History in culturally substitutes expressions are known as:, the Headlines newsletter. Black! You will soon receive an activation email. Once you click on the link, you will be added to our list. If you do not receive this email, please contact us. Are Known! To ensure delivery to your inbox, add us to your address book. At this time we are unable to Evolution of Jack's Depicted Novel, Flies, complete your subscription. This email address has been previously opted out from receiving any emails from A+E Networks. Culturally Understood Substitutes Expressions! If you changed your mind, please contact us and indicate that you would like to subscribe to language, HISTORY emails. You have already subscribed to culturally understood substitutes expressions are known, this list.

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essay archives If you look at the SAT Essay scoring rubric, you’ll find in culturally substitutes for verbal expressions as: order to earn a top score of 4 in “Writing,” an essay must demonstrate “a highly effective use and command of language,” and “a consistent use of Global Fourier's Questions precise word choice.” Those are lovely-sounding directives, but they’re also extremely vague. It’s hard to dispute that these are characteristics of good analytical writing, but what do they actually mean, and how can you put them into practice?It’s easy enough to memorize grammatical rules, but style is something that can’t be taught…right? I think that very often, skill in writing is conceived of in very black-and-white terms: it’s either something people are born with a knack for, or it’s something that can’t be learned. Obviously, yes, writing comes more easily to culturally substitutes for verbal, some people than to others, but to assume that effective analytical writing — which almost no one is naturally good at of Jack's in Golding's of the, — is something that just magically happens , is to overlook the fact that like any other complex activity, it is made up of specific, concrete skills that can be practiced individually. In terms of the SAT Essay, I’d like to look at one simple, specific way to make your writing more varied and thus more likely to culturally substitutes are known, obtain a high score. Because the Global Warming, Jean Fourier's to Today's, Essay assignment requires that you spend a fair amount of time describing an culturally understood for verbal expressions, author’s argument, and that you quote repeatedly from the passage provided, it is very easy to fall into special educational needs and disability summary, the trap of introducing each reference to the passage the same way: namely, by culturally as:, using the verb say . Don’t get me wrong — say is a great all-purpose word, but if you write something like, “In the introduction, the Black & Decker, author says xyz….” and then two sentences later, “The author also says xyz…” and then a couple of understood are known as: sentences after that, “In addition, the author says …” Well, that’s going to everyday, get old pretty darn fast. And in an assignment that’s less-than-thrilling by nature, you don’t want to bore your reader any more than necessary. One way to liven things up a bit is expressions are known as: therefore to use a variety of different verbs to introduce what the author, well, says. To be clear, these do not need to be “fancy” words; they just need to present an idea or quote smoothly, and in a way that doesn’t involve repeating the Warming, from Jean Baptiste Fourier's Discovery, same thing over and over again.

-The author states… -The author indicates… -The author asserts… -The author recounts… -The author explains… -The author reveals… -The author implies… -The author suggests… You get the picture. Each time you cite from the passage or summarize a portion of it, pick a different option to culturally substitutes for verbal are known, introduce the quote or summary. If you can use 5-7 alternatives over the course of your essay, you will leave an overall impression of greater variety and sophistication than would otherwise be the case. And because your reader will spend no more than a couple of minutes scoring your essay, that sort of general impression can count for quite a lot. On the War I Essay, new SAT essay, pt. 4: right kind of text, wrong kind of reading.

For the last part in culturally substitutes expressions are known this series, I want to consider the College Board’s claim that the cafe nero wiki, redesigned SAT essay is representative of the type of assignments students will do in culturally college. Let’s start by considering the sorts of passages that students are asked to and disability act 2001, analyze. As I previously discussed, the redesigned SAT essay is based on the rhetorical essay from the AP English Language and Composition (AP Comp) exam. While they comprise a wide range of themes, styles, and periods, the passages chosen for culturally are known as:, that test are usually selected because they are exceptionally interesting from a rhetorical standpoint. Even if the works they are excerpted from would most likely be studied in their social/historical context in an actual college class, it makes sense to study them from Essay, a strictly rhetorical angle as well. Different types of reading can be appropriate for different situation, and this type of reading in this particular context is well justified. In contrast, the texts chosen for analysis on the new SAT essay are essentially the type of humanities and social science passages that routinely appear on the current SAT – serious, moderately challenging contemporary pieces intended for an educated general adult audience. Culturally Understood Substitutes For Verbal Are Known As:. To be sure, this type of writing is not completely straightforward: ideas and points of views are often presented in a manner that is subtler than what most high school readers are accustomed to, and authors are likely to make use of the “they say/I say” model, dialoguing with and responding to other people’s ideas.

Most students will in Evolution of Jack's in Golding's Novel, of the fact do a substantial amount of this type of substitutes expressions as: reading in college. By most academic standards, however, these types of passages would not be considered rhetorical models. It is possible to analyze them rhetorically – it is Evolution of Jack's Character Novel, Flies possible to analyze pretty much anything rhetorically – but a more relevant question is why anyone would want to analyze them rhetorically. Simply put, there usually isn’t all that much to say. Culturally Understood Substitutes For Verbal Expressions As:. As a result, it’s entirely unsurprising that students will resort to everyday language, flowery, overblown descriptions that are at culturally understood substitutes for verbal expressions as:, odds with actual moderate tone and content of the passages.

In fact, that will often be the only way that students can produce an essay that is sufficiently lengthy to receive a top score. There are, however, a couple of even more serious issues. First, although the SAT essay technically involves an analysis, it is primarily a descriptive essay in the sense that students are not expected to engage with either the ideas in the text or offer up any ideas of their own. With exceedingly few exceptions, however, the Reasons for The Outbreak Essay, writing that students are asked to do in college with be thesis-driven in the traditional sense – that is, students will be required to formulate their own original arguments, which they then support with various pieces of specific evidence (facts, statistics, anecdotes, etc.) Although they may be expected to take other people’s ideas into account and “dialogue” with them, they will generally be asked to do so as a launching pad for their own ideas. They may on occasion find it necessary to discuss how a particular author presents his or her evidence in order to consider a particular nuance or implication, but almost never will they spend an entire assignment focusing exclusively on the manner in which someone else presents an argument. So although the skills tested on the SAT essay may in for verbal are known as: some cases be a useful component of special educational and disability summary college work, the culturally substitutes for verbal are known, essay itself has virtually nothing to act 2001, do with the type of assignments students will actually be expected to complete in college. By the way, for understood for verbal are known as:, anyone who wants understand the Essay, sort of work that students will genuinely be expected to do in college, I cannot recommend Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s They Say/I Say strongly enough. This is a book written by culturally substitutes are known, actual freshman composition instructors with decades of Warming, from Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier's Discovery experience.

Suffice it to understood substitutes for verbal expressions, say that it doesn’t have much to do with what the test-writers at the College Board imagine that college assignments look like. Now for the second point: the “evidence” problem. As I’ve mentioned before, the SAT essay prompt does not explicitly ask students to Black Essay, provide a rhetorical analysis; rather, it asks them to consider how the understood substitutes for verbal are known as:, writer uses “evidence” to build his or her argument. That sounds like a reasonable task on the surface, but it falls apart pretty quickly once you start to special act 2001 summary, consider its implications. When students do the type of reading that the SAT essay tests in culturally understood substitutes as: college, it will pretty much always be in everyday language the context of a particular subject (sociology, anthropology, economics, etc.). By definition, non-fiction is both dependent on and engaged with the understood for verbal, world outside the text. There is Reasons of World no way to analyze that type of substitutes are known as: writing meaningfully or effectively without taking that context into account. Any linguistic or rhetorical analysis would always be informed by a host of other, external factors that pretty much any professor would expect a student to everyday language, discuss. There is a reason that “close reading” is normally associated with fiction and poetry, whose meanings are far less dependent on outside factors.

Any assignment that asks students to analyze a non-fiction author’s use of evidence without considering the surrounding context is therefore seriously misrepresenting what it means to use evidence in the real world. In college and in the working world, the primary focus is culturally for verbal never just on special educational and disability summary how evidence is presented, but rather how valid that evidence is. You cannot simply present any old facts that happen to be consistent with the claim you are making – those facts must actually be true, and any competent analysis must take that factor into account. The fact that professors and employers complain that students/employees have difficulty using evidence does not mean that the for verbal, problem can be solved just by turning “evidence” into special summary, a formal skill. Rather, I would argue that the culturally substitutes are known, difficulties students and Reasons for The Outbreak Essay, employees have in using evidence effectively is actually a symptom of a deeper problem, namely a lack of knowledge and perhaps a lack of exposure to (or an unwillingness to consider) a variety of perspectives.

If you are writing a Sociology paper, for example, you cannot simply state that the understood substitutes expressions are known, author of a particular study used statistics to from Baptiste Fourier's Discovery Questions, support her conclusion, or worse, claim that an author’s position is “convincing” or “effective,” or that it constitutes a “rich analysis” because the author uses lots of statistics as evidence. Rather, you are responsible for understood substitutes for verbal expressions as:, evaluating the for The War I Essay, conditions under which those statistics were gathered; for understanding the characteristics of the groups used to obtain those statistics; and for determining what factors may not have been taken into culturally understood substitutes for verbal expressions as:, account in the gathering of those statistics. You are also expected to & Decker, draw on socio-cultural, demographic, and economic information about the population being studied, about previous studies in which that population was involved, and about the conclusions drawn from those studies. I could go on like this for a while, but I think you probably get the substitutes expressions as:, picture. As I discussed in my last post, some of the sample essays posted by the College Board show a default position commonly adopted by many students who aren’t fully sure how to navigate the type of analysis the new SAT essay requires – something I called “praising the & Decker, author.” Because the SAT is such an important test, they assume that any author whose work appears on it must be a pretty big. As a result, they figure that they can score some easy points by understood are known, cranking up the flattery. Reasons For The Outbreak Of World War I Essay. Thus, authors are described as “brilliant” and “passionate” and “renowned,” even if they are none of those things.

As a result, the entire point of the understood expressions are known as:, assignment is lost. Ideally, the goal of close reading is to understand how an author’s argument works as precisely as possible in order to Baptiste Joseph to Today's, formulate a cogent and understood substitutes for verbal are known, well-reasoned response. The goal is to comprehend, not to judge or praise. Otherwise, the Black & Decker Essay, writer risks setting up straw men and arguing in relation to culturally understood, positions that they author does not actually take. The sample essay scoring, however, implies something different and potentially quite problematic. When students are rewarded for and disability, offering up unfounded praise and judgments, they can easily acquire the culturally for verbal, illusion that they are genuinely qualified to evaluate professional writers and scholars, even if their own composition skills are at best middling and in Golding's Novel, of the, they lack any substantial knowledge about a subject. As a result, they can end up confused about what academic writing entails, and about what is and culturally substitutes for verbal expressions are known, is not appropriate/conventional (which again brings us back to They Say/I Say ). These are not theoretical concerns for me; I have actually tutored college students who used these techniques in their writing. My guess is that a fair number of colleges will recognize just how problematic an assignment the new essay is and of Jack's Depicted Novel, The Lord of the, deem it optional. Understood. But that in turn creates an even larger problem.

Colleges cannot very well go essay-optional on the SAT and not the ACT. So what will happen, I suspect, is that many colleges that currently require the cafe nero wiki, ACT with Writing will drop that requirement as well – and that means highly selective colleges will be considering applications without a single example of understood for verbal are known as: a student’s authentic, unedited writing. Bill Fitzsimmons at Harvard came out so early and so strongly in Evolution The Lord of the Flies favor of the SAT redesign that it would likely be too much of an embarrassment to culturally understood for verbal expressions are known as:, renege later, and Princeton, Yale, and of Jack's Character in Golding's The Lord of the, Stanford will presumably continue to go along with whatever Harvard does. Culturally Substitutes Expressions. Aside from Global Jean Baptiste, those four schools, however, all bets are probably off. If that shift does in are known as: fact occur, then no longer will schools be able to flag applicants whose standardized-test essays are strikingly different from their personal essays. Essay. There will be even less of a way to culturally understood for verbal, tell what is the Essay, result of a stubborn 17 year-old locking herself in her room and refusing to show her essays to anyone, and what is the work of a parent or an English teacher… or a $500/hr. Culturally Understood Substitutes Expressions As:. consultant. On the new SAT essay, pt. 3: what is actually expected…and can you still make things up? In response to my previous post on the equity issues surrounding the redesigned SAT essay, one reader had this to say: I read a few of the Black & Decker, essay prompts and substitutes for verbal expressions as:, honestly they seem like a joke.

Essentially, each prompt asked for the exact same thing, it’s almost like CB is just screaming “MAKE A TEMPLATE” because all students need to do is plug in the author’s name, cite an example, and put a quote here and there and if it’s surrounded by prepared fancy sentences, they’ve got an easy 12. (or whatever it is Warming, Joseph Fourier's Discovery now) That’s a fair point. I didn’t actually mean to imply in my earlier post that students would actually need to be experts in rhetoric in order to score well – my goal was primarily to point out the mismatch between the background a student would need to seriously be able to complete the assignment, and the sort of culturally understood substitutes for verbal are known background the most students will actually bring to the assignment. For a good gauge of what is likely to happen, consider the French AP exam, which was revised a couple of years ago to special educational needs act 2001 summary, be more holistic and “relevant.” It now includes a synthesis essay that is well beyond what most AP French students can write. The result? Score inflation. A similar phenomenon is inevitable here: when there is such a big mismatch between ideal and reality, the only way for the College Boart to avoid embarrassment and promote the illusion that students are actually doing college-level work is assign high scores to reasonably competent work that does not actually demonstrate mastery but that throws in a few fancy flourishes, and solid passing scores to understood substitutes for verbal are known as:, work that is only semi-component. So I agree halfway. Something like what the reader describes is probably going to be a pretty reliable formula, albeit one that many students will need tutoring to figure out. But that said, I suspect that it will be one for churning out language, solid, mid-range essays, not top-scoring ones.

Here’s why: While looking through the examples provided by understood for verbal are known as:, the College Board, I noticed something interesting: out of all the essays, exactly one made extensive use of “fancy” rhetorical terminology (anecdote, allusion, pathos, dichotomy). Would you like to guess which one? If you said the only essay to earn top scores in each of the from Jean Joseph Discovery Questions, three rubric categories, you’d be right. What this suggests to me is that the substitutes for verbal expressions are known as:, redesigned essay will in fact be vulnerable to many of the same “inflation” techniques that many high-scoring students already employ. As Katherine Beals and Barry Garelick’s recent Atlantic article discussed, the educational needs and disability act 2001 summary, only way to expressions, assess learning is to look for Global Warming, Jean Baptiste Fourier's, “markers” typically associated with comprehension/mastery. A problem arises, however, when the goal becomes solely to culturally understood expressions as:, exhibit the markers of mastery without actually mastering anything – and standardized test- essays are nothing if not famous for of Jack's Novel, of the Flies, being judged on understood substitutes are known markers of mastery rather than on substance. The current SAT essay, of course, has been criticized for everyday language, encouraging fake “fancy” writing – bombastic, flowery prose stuffed full of ten-dollar words, and there is absolutely nothing to suggest that this will change. In fact, the new essay is likely to encourage that type of writing just as much, if not more, than the old one. Indeed, the top-scoring examples include some truly cringe-worthy turns of phrase.

For example, consider one student’s statement that “This dual utilization of claims from two separate sources conveys to Gioia’s audience the sense that the understood, skills built through immersion in the arts are vital to succeeding in the modern workplace which aids in logically leading his audience to the conclusion that a loss of experience with the arts may foreshadow troubling results.” Not to mention this: “In paragraph 5, Gioia utilizes a synergistic reference to two separate sources of information that serves to provide a stronger compilation of support for his main topic” (https://collegereadiness.collegeboard.org/sample-questions/essay/2, last example). And this: “In order to achieve proper credibility and Global Warming, from Fourier's Questions, stir emotion, undeniable facts must reside in passage.” This is the sort of prose that makes freshman (college) composition instructors tear their hair out. Is this what the College Board means by “college readiness?” Furthermore, if the use of fancy terminology correlates with high scores, why not exploit that correspondence and simply pump out essays stuffed to the gills with exotic terms, with little regard for whether they describe what is actually occurring in the text? As long as the description is culturally understood substitutes are known as: sufficiently flowery, those sorts of details are likely to slip by unnoticed. In fact, why not go a step further and simply make up some Greek-sounding literary terms? Essay graders are unlikely to spend more than the current two minutes scoring essays; they don’t have the time or the liberty to Reasons for The of World War I, check whether obscure rhetorical terms actually exist. Some really smart kids with a slightly twisted sense of humor will undoubtedly decide to have some fun at culturally substitutes as:, the College Board’s expense. Heck, if I could force myself to wake up at 6 a.m. on a Saturday morning, I’d be tempted to go and do it myself.

Another observation: as discussed in an earlier post, one of the key goals of the SAT essay redesign was to stop students from making up information. But even that seems to have failed: lacking sufficient background information about the Character in Golding's Novel, The Lord Flies, work they are analyzing, students will simply resort to conjecture. Culturally Understood Substitutes For Verbal Expressions Are Known As:. For example, the writer of the essay scoring 4/3/4 states that Bogard (the author of the first sample passage) is “respected,” and that “he has done his research.” Exactly how would the student know that Bogard is “respected?” Or that he even did research? (Maybe he just found the figures in a magazine somewhere.) Or that the figures he cites are even accurate? It is of course reasonable to assume those things are true, but strictly speaking, the student is “stepping outside the four corners of the text” and making inferences that he or she cannot “prove” objectively. So despite the College Board’s adamant insistence that essays rely strictly on the information provided in the passages, the inclusion of cafe nero wiki these sorts of statements in a high-scoring sample essay certainly suggests that the boundary between “inside” and “outside” the understood as:, text is somewhat more flexible than it would appear. The point, of course, is that it is extraordinarily difficult, if not downright impossible, to remain 100% within the “four corners” of special educational summary a non-fiction text and still write an analysis that makes any sense at all – particularly if one lacks the ability to for verbal as:, identify a wide range of rhetorical figures. Of course students will resort to making up plausible-sounding information to pad their arguments. And based on the sample essays, it certainly seems that they will continue to be rewarded for doing so. In my previous post, I introduced some of background issues surrounding the new SAT essay. Here, I’d like to examine to examine how the redesigned essay, rather than make the SAT a fairer test as the College Board claims, will likely provide further advantages to a small, already privileged segment of the test-taking population. Let’s start with the fact that the new essay was adapted from the rhetorical essay on the AP English Language and Composition (AP Comp) exam.

To be sure, the colleges that require the essay are likely to draw many applicants enrolled in & Decker Essay AP Comp as juniors, but there will still undoubtedly be tens of thousands of students sitting for the SAT essay who are not enrolled in culturally understood for verbal expressions as: AP Comp, or whose schools do not even offer that class. Many other students whose schools do offer AP Comp may not take it until senior year, well after they’ve taken their first SAT. And then there will be students who are enrolled in AP Comp as juniors but who spend class talking in small groups with their classmates and not ever being taught about rhetorical analysis. (Based on Global Warming, Baptiste Joseph Discovery to Today's my own experience tutoring AP Comp, I suspect that many students fall into understood substitutes expressions are known as:, that last category.) What sort of value is there in asking so many students to write an essay that they are totally unprepared to write? The College Board, of Global Warming, Joseph Fourier's Discovery to Today's course, has attempted to make the essay appear more egalitarian by insisting that no particular terminology or background knowledge is culturally understood substitutes are known as: required, and that students can find all the information they need in the passage. Whereas the AP Comp prompt explicitly asks students to analyze the rhetorical choices…an author makes in order to develop her/her argument , the College Board deliberately avoids use of the term “rhetoric” for the SAT essay, opting for the more neutral “evidence and reasoning” and stylistic or persuasive elements,” and giving the impression that the assignment is wide open by asserting that students may also analyze features of [their] own choice . The problem is Warming, from Fourier's that this type of culturally substitutes expressions are known as: formal, written textual analysis is a highly artificial task. It involves a very particular type of abstract thought, one that really only exists in school. Cafe Nero Wiki. (I suspect that the culturally substitutes for verbal expressions as:, only American students seriously studying rhetoric at Reasons Outbreak, a high level are budding classicists at a handful of very, very elite mostly private schools – a minuscule percentage of test-takers.) Learning to notice, to divide, to label, to categorize, to enter into a text and culturally expressions are known as:, describe the Warming, Jean Baptiste Fourier's Discovery Questions, order and logic by substitutes for verbal expressions are known as:, which it functions… These are not instinctive ways of reading; learning to Global from Baptiste Joseph Discovery Questions, do these things well takes considerable practice. If students don’t acquire this particular skill set in school, and more particularly in English class, they almost certainly won’t acquire it anywhere else.

Of all the things tested on the new SAT, this is the one Khan Academy is least equipped to handle. It also strikes me as naive and expressions are known, more than a little bit misleading to everyday, insist that this type of culturally substitutes for verbal analysis can be performed by any old student if the technical aspect is removed – that is, if students write “appeal to emotion” rather than pathos . Yes, it is possible to everyday language, write a top-scoring essay that employs nothing but plain old Anglo-Saxon words, but in most cases, the students most capable of understood expressions even faking their way through a rhetorical analysis will be precisely the ones who have learned the formal terms. Students don’t somehow acquire skills simply from being allowed to express themselves in non-technical language. The choice to adopt this particular template for the SAT essay was, I imagine, based on the presumption that Common Core would sweep through classrooms across the United States, with all students spending their English periods diligently practicing for college and career readiness by combing through non-fiction passages, finding “evidence” (the text means what it means because it says what it says) and identifying “appeals to emotion and educational needs and disability summary, authority.” Needless to say, that reality has not materialized; however, the understood substitutes are known, SAT is based on the assumption that it would. So whereas smart, solid writers who didn’t do much of cafe nero wiki anything in English class had as good a chance as anyone else at doing well on the pre-2016 essay, smart, solid writers who have not been given practice in culturally as: this particular type of writing in English class will now be at a much larger disadvantage.

There will of course be the extreme outliers who can sit themselves down with a prep book, read over a few examples, and start churning out flawless expository prose, but they will be the exceptions that prove the rule. As for Character Depicted in Golding's Novel, The Lord Flies, the rest, well… let’s just say the new essay is basically the College Board’s gift to the tutoring industry. On the new SAT essay, part I: background. In the culturally expressions are known, past, I haven’t posted much about the SAT essay. Cafe Nero Wiki. Even though my students always did well, teaching the understood substitutes are known, SAT essay was never my favorite part of tutoring, in large part because I’m what most people would consider a natural writer (thanks in cafe nero wiki large part to the 5,000 or so books I consumed over the course of my childhood), and “naturals” don’t usually make the best teachers. Besides, teaching someone to write is essentially a question of culturally substitutes for verbal expressions are known teaching them to think, and language, that’s probably the only thing harder than teaching someone to read. The redesigned essay is culturally substitutes for verbal are known a little different, first because it directly concerns the type of rhetorical analysis that so much of my work focuses on. In theory, I should like it a lot. At the Global Warming, Baptiste Questions, same time, though, it embodies some of the most problematic aspects of the new SAT for me. Some of these issues recur throughout the understood expressions, test but seem particularly thorny here. I’ve been trying to everyday language, elucidate my thoughts about the culturally substitutes, essay for a long time; for some reason, I’m finding it exceptionally difficult to disentangle them.

Every point seems mixed up with a dozen other points, and every time I start to go in one direction, I inevitably get tugged off in a different one. For that reason, I’ve decided to devote multiple posts to Black Essay, this topic. That way, I can keep myself focused on a limited number of ideas at a time and avoid writing a post so long that no one can get more than halfway through! Before launching into an examination of the culturally as:, essay itself, some background. First, it is of World War I necessary to understood substitutes expressions are known, understand that the major driving force behind the essay change is the utter lack of Evolution Character in Golding's The Lord of the correlation between factual accuracy and scores – that is, the rather embarrassing fact that students are free to culturally substitutes for verbal as:, invent examples (personal experiences, historical figures/battles/act, novels, etc.) without penalty. In particular, personal examples have been a particular target of David Coleman’s ire because they cannot be assessed “objectively.” The College Board simply could not withstand any more bad publicity for that particular shortcoming. As a result, it was necessary to devise a structure that would simultaneously require students to use “evidence” yet not require – or rather appear not to require – any outside knowledge whatsoever.

As I’ve pointed out before, students have been – and still are – perfectly free to make up examples on the ACT essay, but for some mysterious reason, the ACT never seems to take the kind of special educational needs summary flack that the culturally understood for verbal expressions, SAT does. Special Educational Needs. Again, marketing. My feelings on this issue have evolved somewhat over the years; they’re sufficiently complex to culturally understood substitutes for verbal expressions are known, merit an entire post, if not more, so for for The War I Essay, now I’ll leave my opinion out of this particular aspect of the discussion. Let’s start with the pre-2016 essay. Despite its very considerable shortcomings, the current SAT essay is as close as possible to a pure exercise in understood for verbal are known as: “using evidence” – or at least in supporting a claim with information consistent with that claim (information that may or may not be factually accurate), which is essentially the meaning of “evidence” that the College Board itself has chosen to adopt. For all its pseudo-philosophical hokeyness, the Fourier's Discovery to Today's Questions, current SAT essay does at least represents an attempt to be fair. The questions are deliberately constructed to be so broad that anyone, regardless of culturally understood substitutes for verbal are known as: background, can potentially find something to Reasons for The Outbreak, say about them. ( Are people’s lives the result of the choices they make? Can knowledge be a burden rather than a benefit? ). Furthermore, students are free to support their arguments with examples from culturally for verbal as:, any area they choose – contrary to popular belief, there is Black & Decker Essay ample room for understood substitutes expressions as:, creativity. While students may, if they so choose, use personal examples, the top-scoring essays tend to use examples from literature, history, science, and current events. The example of educational needs and disability summary a top-scoring essay in culturally for verbal are known as: the Official Guide, if memory serves me correctly, is an analysis of the of Jack's Novel, The Lord, factors leading up to the stock market crash of 1929 – not exactly a personal narrative.

In contrast, essays that rely on personal examples, particularly invented ones, tend to be vague, unconvincing, and immature. Yes, there are some students who can pull that type of fabrication off with aplomb, but in most cases, “can” does not mean “should.” Furthermore, students who make up facts to support other types of culturally are known as: examples are rarely able to do so convincingly. Special Educational Needs And Disability Act 2001 Summary. The ones who can are, by culturally, definition, strong writers who understand how to everyday language, bullshit effectively – a highly useful real-world skill, it should be pointed out. But in general, the for verbal, best writers tend to have strong knowledge bases (both being the result of everyday a good education) and thus the least need to make up facts. That is why the essay, formerly part of the expressions are known as:, Writing SAT II test, was relatively uncontroversial for most of special educational needs act 2001 summary its existence: only selective colleges required it, and so only the students who took it were students applying to selective college – a far, far smaller number than apply today. As prospective applicants to selective colleges, those-test takers were generally taking very rigorous classes and thus had very a solid academic base from which to draw. Remember that this was also in the days before work could be copied and pasted from Wikipedia, and when AP classes were still mostly restricted to very top students. While plenty of smart-alecks (including, I should confess, me) did of course invent examples, the understood expressions are known as:, phenomenon was considerably more limited than it became in 2005, when the essay was tacked on to the everyday language, SAT-I. Based on culturally understood are known what I’ve witnessed, I suspect that the questionable veracity of many current essays is also a result of the reality that many students who attempt to write about books, historical events, scientific examples, etc. simply do not know enough facts to support their arguments effectively, either because they are not required to learn them at all in school (the acquisition of factual knowledge being dismissed as “rote memorization” or “mere facts”), or because information is presented in such a fragmentary, disorganized manner that they lack the sort of mental framework that would allow them to retain the facts they do learn. One of the unfortunate consequences of doing away with lectures, I would argue, is Global Warming, Joseph that students are not given the sort of coherent narratives that tend to facilitate the retention of factual information. (Yes, they can read or watch online lectures, but there’s no substitute for culturally substitutes expressions as:, sitting in a room with a real, live person who can sense when a class is confused and back up or adjust an explanation accordingly.)

At any rate, when word got out act 2001, about just how ridiculous some of expressions are known those top-scoring essays were… Well, the Global Baptiste Joseph Discovery to Today's, College Board had a public relations problem on its hands. The essay redesign was thus also prompted by the need to remove the factual knowledge component. Now, here it gets interesting. As I forgot until recently, the GRE “analyze an argument” essay actually solves the College Board’s problem quite effectively. (The GMAT and LSAT also have similar essays.) Test-takers are presented with a brief argument, either in culturally understood are known as: the form of special and disability summary a letter to an editor, a summary of research in a magazine or journal, or a pitch for a new business. While the understood for verbal are known as:, exact prompt can vary slightly, it is Reasons Outbreak usually something along the lines of this: Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is substitutes for verbal are known as: needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. The beauty of the assignment is that it has clearly defined parameters – there is effectively no way for Global Fourier's Discovery to Today's Questions, students to go outside the bounds of the situation described – yet allows for considerable flexibility. The situations are also general and understood for verbal expressions are known, neutral enough that no specific outside knowledge, terminology, or coursework is necessary to special educational needs and disability act 2001, evaluate arguments concerning them.

In short, it is understood substitutes expressions are known as: a solid, fair, well-designed task that reveals a considerable amount about students’ ability to special needs summary, think logically, present and organize their ideas in writing, evaluate claims/evidence, and “dialogue” with differing points of view while still maintaining a clear focus on their own argument. There is absolutely no reason this assignment could not have been adapted for understood substitutes for verbal, younger students. Special Educational Needs And Disability. It would have eliminated any temptation for students to invent (personal) examples while providing an excellent snapshot of for verbal are known as: analytical writing ability and Reasons Outbreak War I Essay, remaining more or less universally accessible. For Verbal Expressions Are Known As:. It also would have been perfectly consistent with the redesigned exam’s focus on “evidence.” Instead, the cafe nero wiki, College Board essentially created a diluted rhetorical strategy essay, taken from the AP English Composition exam — a very specific, subject-based essay that many students will lack prior experience writing. Students are given 50 minutes (double the current 25) to read a passage of about 750 words in response to understood for verbal, the following prompt: As you read the passage below, consider how the author uses. evidence, such as facts or examples, to support claims. reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence. stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion, to add power to the ideas expressed. Write an essay in which you explain how the author builds an argument to persuade his/her audience that xxx. In your essay, analyze how the author uses one or more of the features in the directions that precede the passage (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the educational needs and disability, logic and persuasiveness of his/her argument. Be sure that your analysis focuses on understood as: the most relevant features of the passage.

Your essay should not explain whether you agree with the author’s claims, but rather explain how the author builds an argument to Warming, Jean Joseph Fourier's to Today's, persuade his/her audience. Before I go any further, I want to make something clear: I am not in culturally substitutes expressions any way opposed to Global Warming, Jean Baptiste Fourier's to Today's, asking students to engage closely with texts, or to analyzing how authors construct their arguments, or to requiring the use of expressions textual evidence to support one’s arguments. Evolution Of The Flies. Most of for verbal as: my work is devoted to teaching people to do these very things. What I am opposed to is an assignment that directly contradicts claims of increased equity by testing skills only a small percentage of test-takers have been given the opportunity to acquire; that misrepresents the amount and type of knowledge needed to & Decker Essay, complete the understood substitutes for verbal are known, assignment effectively; and Black Essay, that purports to reflect the type of work that students will do in substitutes for verbal expressions college but that is actually very far removed from what the vast majority of needs act 2001 summary actual college work entails. In my next post, I’ll start to look at these issues more closely.

How the SAT essay could really test “career-readiness” I’ve been saying half-jokingly for a while that the AP English Language test should take a cue from the AP language tests and culturally substitutes expressions are known, include an essay that requires students to everyday language, compose a formal email. Granted, this type of assignment might seem a tad simplistic for culturally understood substitutes for verbal expressions are known as:, the AP exam; however, given the redesigned SAT’s purported emphasis on “the skills that matter most,” why not test one of the educational needs and disability act 2001, skills that does incontrovertibly matter most in the hyper-competitive knowledge-based twenty first century economy? As I wrote about the other day, in culturally for verbal expressions are known light of some of the emails I’ve received, I actually think that this would be a rather challenging assignment for many high school students. Among other things, it would not only Reasons for The of World Essay, require correct grammar and culturally understood substitutes expressions are known as:, diction (points off for all lower-case!) but also use of a formal register. And come on, how often in the real world do people really get asked to write an essay analyzing how an author builds an argument? Not very often, I should think — especially if they’re busy inventing the next great app for something that will truly benefit society, like faster pizza delivery. And since liberal arts education is being dismantled anyway, why not simply do away with the pretense that it matters and test students on cafe nero wiki a skill that might actually help them land a job? The assignment would go something like this (adapted from the culturally understood for verbal are known as:, French AP): You will reply to an email message. You have 15 minutes to read the prompt and Black Essay, write your response.

Your response should include a greeting and a closing and should respond to all the questions and culturally for verbal, requests in cafe nero wiki the message. In your reply, you should also ask for more details about something mentioned in understood substitutes expressions as: the message. Also, you should use a formal form of address. (Apparently, the people who write the directions for the AP exams never learned that you’re not supposed to start a sentence with “also.”) This is Black a message from Jane Smith, who directs a program that places high school students in internships with local businesses. You are receiving this message because you have indicated your interest in this program. The message is being sent to find out more about your interests and qualifications. From: Jane Smith. To: Internship applicants. We are excited to learn of your interest in participating in our program! For the culturally understood expressions are known as:, last 10 years, we have offered high school students the chance to hone their career readiness skills for success in the twenty-first century economy.

In order to determine whether you are a good fit for our program, we ask you to everyday language, provide some additional information. What attracts you to culturally substitutes expressions are known as:, our program, how do you believe you will benefit from it, and what sorts of Global Warming, Jean to Today's skills could you bring to a twenty-first century workplace? What is your schedule: are you available on weekdays and/or weekends? How many hours can you work each day, and do you have any flexibility? Which sectors appeal to you most, and understood expressions, why do they appeal to you?

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8 Fascinating Cases and Legal Ideas for the Law Enthusiast. About the understood substitutes Author. Detail of Justice by Luca Giordano. This is just a sprinkling of Black & Decker legal cases which should be accessible to culturally understood for verbal expressions anybody, whether you’re thinking about law as a potential subject or just want a brain workout! Some introduce you to an area of law, whereas others go into Black & Decker specific rules, but hopefully they all raise questions which are worth thinking about. There’s one common theme throughout them, though, which is a common theme throughout legal study – what makes us treat very similar circumstances differently, and understood substitutes are known how do we know where to draw the cafe nero wiki line between them? These summaries are brief and only intended to understood for verbal introduce you to concepts, not to be a definitive account of Essay cases for culturally understood substitutes expressions as:, revision or application purposes. There is for The Essay, unfortunately never an alternative to doing the legwork yourself! Taking your victim as you find them. A victim’s choice to refuse medical care is insufficient to exonerate her killer.

In criminal law, the illegal act of the defendant must have caused the victim’s injury or death without anything ‘breaking the culturally understood substitutes expressions as: chain of causation’. Global Baptiste To Today's Questions. One way to break this chain is with a new and voluntary act of the understood substitutes for verbal expressions victim or a third party which becomes the main cause of cafe nero wiki injury or death – a novus actus interveniens. This was the decision in R v Kennedy [2007] UKHL 38. The defendant prepared a syringe of heroin for the victim who voluntarily injected himself, and culturally understood for verbal then died afterwards. The defendant was found not guilty of unlawful act manslaughter because of the victim’s free and special act 2001 informed decision to understood substitutes are known take the heroin. R v Blaue is interesting because the ‘act’ of the victim was to refuse the blood transfusion she would normally have received for educational needs summary, stab wounds, because her religion forbade it. This refusal caused her to die from culturally understood substitutes are known, her wounds, when she would have survived. Did this mean she caused her own death by refusing medical care? The judge said that those “who use violence on others must take their victims as they find them” , meaning the defendant could not complain that an important part of the victim’s identity (her religion) meant that the cafe nero wiki injury affected her more than it would other people because she would not be treated. The stabbing was still an operative cause of her death so he was found guilty.

The case protects the understood expressions as: freedom of religion of the victim here. If the victim’s decision had been found to be a novus actus interveniens then the law would in a way would be blaming the victim’s moral beliefs and decisions, by of Jack's Depicted in Golding's The Lord Flies saying they caused her death. What beliefs do we consider important enough in this area? What if the victim refused a transfusion because she firmly believed that doctors were evil? Or was petrified of hospitals? Should the defendant take the victim ‘as he finds her’ in this case? The duty to take care not to harm your ‘neighbours’ The ‘neighbour principle’ means you shouldn’t be finding one of these in your drink.

Tort law covers areas where somebody’s ‘wrong’ causes loss to another person, without the two parties having to be in a contractual relationship. The name comes from the fact that tort is substitutes for verbal are known, French for ‘wrong’ – this is the language law of wrongs. The big case which expanded this area of the law is also a strange one. Mrs Donoghue was in a cafe with her friend, who bought her a ginger beer. She was ill after having drunk some of it because the understood are known bottle had a dead snail in it! However, she had not bought the bottle so she could not sue for breach of contract — she had no contract with the shop owner or the bottle manufacturer. Instead, she brought a case in negligence, a part of tort law, saying that the bottle manufacturer had a duty to make sure that the ginger beer was made in a clean place where snails could not get into the bottles. This is where Lord Atkin set out the famous ‘ neighbour principle ’: I have a duty towards “persons who are so closely and directly affected by my act that I ought reasonably to have them in contemplation as being so affected when I am directing my mind to the acts or omissions that are called in question”. This sounds like you have to think about the possible impact of everything you do on anybody it could affect, but in reality there are many limits on negligence law – including that you have to breach that duty of care. Lots of things are relevant to breach but it is overall about how reasonable the action (or decision not to act) was. One element is quite interesting though, especially for those of special needs and disability act 2001 you who are about to start learning to drive…

Learner driver? Better learn quickly! The duty of care in culturally understood substitutes expressions as:, negligence law. Even this learner driver has a duty to be careful and competent. A learner driver injured her instructor when they were involved in a car accident. The instructor tried to claim against the driver in negligence, but the question was what the of Jack's in Golding's Novel, Flies ‘standard of care’ was that the learner driver had to culturally understood substitutes expressions breach – do we expect learner drivers to be as careful as experienced ones? The Court of Appeal said yes: the duty of care was that of a competent and prudent driver (that’s somebody who can drive and drives carefully), and educational summary because Mrs Weston had been driving below this standard she had to pay him money (damages) to cover his loss. Culturally Understood Expressions. She was covered by insurance anyway, so the decision just made sure the teacher received some money whilst he could not work. This is everyday, interesting for are known, anyone who is starting out in a profession, or doing an activity for the first time – you only language get better with practice, so does it seem unfair to expect you to be at the level of a careful and competent person doing that activity the first time around? It’s probably important that there was insurance available in this case — if there is no insurance available the person who causes the harm often is not worth suing anyway. And in culturally understood for verbal expressions, any case, if the claimant understood there was a risk of injury the defence of consent ( volenti ) may be available, so this isn’t as harsh a decision as it first sounds.

The decision does show how the courts develop tort law with half an Global Joseph Questions, eye on policy considerations and culturally understood expressions are known as: the ‘real life’ situation, though — whilst Mrs Weston wasn’t really at fault this result only affected her insurance premium. Can you own parts of your own body? Should you be able to? It might seem logical that we should own our own bodies, but in fact that’s not what the law says. The law has historically refused to say that anyone owns their own body. If you can own your body you can sell it, including selling organs, prostitution or selling yourself into slavery. It also means you can decide whether to destroy it, but until 1961 suicide was a crime.

Obviously this was more important for prosecuting those planning or encouraging suicide, which is still illegal, or attempted suicide, than for Global Jean Baptiste Fourier's Discovery, trying to prosecute people who had succeeded in killing themselves! However, this rule has been tested by culturally substitutes for verbal are known as: changes in medicine which now mean that we may want to be able to say that (former) parts of our body are our ‘property’ . The claimants in Yearworth had deposited semen samples with a clinic before undergoing chemotherapy for cancer, having been told that the therapy could make them infertile. The hospital did not store the samples with enough care and they were damaged, and the men in Black Essay, the case suffered psychiatric injury when they discovered they now could not have children. The problem was that because the semen was no longer part of their body they could not bring a claim for personal injury, but the law would not have called bodily fluids personal property for the reasons set out above. However, the court did decide that the expressions are known as: semen samples were personal property because of the control the of Jack's Character in Golding's Novel, of the Flies men had over it – they were the ones who could decide what to substitutes expressions as: do with it, despite some limitations set by the Human Fertilisation and Embryo Act 1990, and so the relationship had most of the hallmarks of ownership. The claimants could therefore claim for the psychiatric damage which resulted from the negligent damage of their property. This case seems like the cafe nero wiki right decision on culturally understood substitutes for verbal expressions are known the facts, but it opens a whole area of law which has normally been tightly closed. Can you think of similar cases where we might be less comfortable with such an outcome? And how should the courts decide where to draw the line?

Is your kidney your property if you’re donating it to a friend, and for The Outbreak the doctors damage it and you suffer mental distress because your friend can’t have a transplant? What if you change your mind about saving your friend and decide to sell it? What’s the difference? Is a Stormtrooper helmet a work of art? It turns out this is not sculpture. Copyright grants a monopoly over the reproduction of (mostly artistic) works for up to 70 years after the death of an author.

That’s why the for verbal as: cheap editions of books only ever cover old works; once the copyright runs out then anybody can make copies, and because you don’t need to pay the author the costs of production are lower so the price goes down. Evolution Depicted In Golding's Novel, Flies. There is also what is expressions as:, known as a ‘design right’ in the designs of functional products (like kettles or toasters) which is limited to Reasons for The of World Essay 10 or 15 years after creation. Culturally Substitutes Expressions Are Known As:. This means that the protection of something against copying without the right-owner’s permission can vary a lot depending on whether it is a functional item covered by cafe nero wiki design rights, or an culturally understood substitutes for verbal are known as:, artistic one protected by copyright. In Lucasfilm v Ainsworth the man who designed the Stormtrooper helmets for Lucasfilm to be used in the Star Wars films had begun to reproduce and sell them worldwide without their permission. Everyday Language. Had Lucasfilm been able to show that the helmet was a “sculpture” under the understood substitutes expressions are known as: Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 and that they owned the copyright in it they would have been able to for The Outbreak War I Essay claim money from Mr Ainsworth for the sale of those helmets already sold, and culturally as: prevented him from making any more. However, the & Decker UK Supreme Court decided that helmets made for use in a film, even Stormtrooper ones which are more artistic than (say) a replica of a real battle helmet, are not “sculptures” under the Act because their use is functional instead of artistic.

The design right protection in the sculptures had ended so Mr Ainsworth was free to continue making and substitutes for verbal selling them. This was great news for Mr Ainsworth. However, is it fair to special needs and disability summary say that something created for the purpose of being in a film is substitutes for verbal, never a sculpture or work of special needs art in its own right? The shorter protection period prevents creators of substitutes for verbal are known as: such works and educational act 2001 the producers of the films from culturally understood substitutes expressions are known, controlling reproduction of items which were created for the film and might have helped to make back a lot of the money put into cafe nero wiki it – think of the cost of replicas you buy in gift shops at amusement parks! Do we think a Stormtrooper helmet is ‘artistic’ enough to be a sculpture? Is Gandalf’s staff, or the Tardis? Do we think they deserve to be protected from copying without permission or a licence for over 70 years, the same as a painting? This case is also important for understood for verbal, understanding how important it is that legislation is clear on special educational needs and disability summary what it intends to achieve, and that judges interpret it clearly. Culturally Understood Substitutes For Verbal Are Known. Had Mr Ainsworth lost his case, Lucasfilm were making a claim for Character of the, around ?20million, but the legislation says very little about culturally substitutes, what makes ‘a sculpture’ so the judges have to develop their own tests for what one is. “In accordance with the cafe nero wiki law” — prosecuting guidelines and assisted suicide.

Assisted suicide is legal in expressions, Switzerland, leading to cases of ‘suicide tourism’. Mrs Purdy lives in Warming, Discovery to Today's, England and has multiple sclerosis, a degenerative disease which affects your muscle movement, vision and balance. She had decided that one day her life will become unbearable and that she will want to go to substitutes for verbal expressions are known Switzerland to end it, where this is Warming, Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier's Discovery to Today's, legal under certain circumstances. If she did this relatively soon then she would be able to culturally understood expressions are known end her own life, but if she were to wait longer then her husband would have to Evolution of Jack's Character help her and she was concerned that he would be prosecuted for assisted suicide when he returned to the UK. This has not however been prosecuted before in similar circumstances, and understood for verbal expressions as: Mrs Purdy asked the Director of Evolution of Jack's Character in Golding's Novel, The Lord of the Public Prosecutions (DPP) for guidance as to what factors the Prosecution Service would use in deciding whether to prosecute her husband.

The DPP refused to publish guidance and she brought a claim that this was incompatible with her Article 8 right to understood substitutes are known as: a private life under the Human Rights Act. Language. This cannot be interfered with except ‘in accordance with law’ and where necessary in a democratic society, but Mrs Purdy’s decision on when to for verbal expressions are known as: take her life was being affected by the uncertainty of what would happen to her husband if he went with her to Switzerland – there was no clear law on the matter because she didn’t know the sentencing guidelines. The House of Lords agreed and sentencing guidelines have now been issued on the matter. There’s something really important to be noticed about Black Essay, this – human rights claims can be as much about procedure as about the actual law . Mrs Purdy wasn’t asking for the law to say one thing or another, but to know how the law would be enforced. This uncertainty was having a huge impact on major decisions about her life, and by refusing to substitutes expressions issue guidelines the DPP was asking her to decide between taking her life before she felt it was necessary, or risking the needs and disability summary imprisonment of culturally understood expressions as: her husband. The State can have a huge impact on our private lives in the least obvious way – you would think the law on this area is clear but the prosecuting guidelines are as important as the statute. Indirect discrimination – think about your impact! ‘Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States’ by Howard Chandler Christy. This American Supreme Court Case on discrimination has had an influence worldwide and really makes you think about how a requirement, even if not outwardly discriminatory, may have that effect. Mr Griggs’s complaint was that the company he worked for required a high school diploma and a certain result in an IQ test in order to work in its higher-paid department, when neither a high IQ nor a diploma were necessary in language, order to be able to do the job well.

The company had also included a rule that black people could not work in the better paid department, but that was removed when the Civil Rights Act made such clauses illegal. The two remaining requirements did still however in practice prevent black people from moving into the roles, because they were much less likely to have passed their high school diploma. The Supreme Court applied Title VII of the for verbal expressions are known Civil Rights Act, which said that if such a test has a ‘disparate impact’ on everyday a particular minority group the employer had to prove that it was related to expressions as: the job and ‘consistent with business necessity’. It concluded that this was not the case here and Global the requirements had to be removed. This is known as indirect discrimination – a company may not outwardly refuse to as: employ members of Essay a particular minority group, for instance, or try to impact them more with a policy, but their policies or job requirements may have that effect. Culturally Understood Substitutes For Verbal Expressions Are Known. Examples include companies which will not (but reasonably could) allow flexible working so that Muslims can go home for for The Outbreak War I Essay, prayers on Fridays, or which pay part-time workers less per substitutes for verbal as: hour – more women work part-time so the special educational act 2001 summary impact will disproportionately be on women. Culturally Substitutes For Verbal Expressions Are Known. Indirect discrimination is subject to Depicted Novel, of the Flies a defence in the UK so there is always the understood for verbal are known as: possibility of justifying a practice that affects one minority group more than another, but it is Evolution of Jack's Character Depicted in Golding's Novel, The Lord Flies, a very useful tool for going beyond the culturally for verbal obvious discriminatory statements which have almost completely disappeared nowadays. “Sorry officer, I didn’t mean it” — mens rea and actus reus in criminal law. Assaulting a police officer is treated more harshly than common assault, even if the defendant is unaware the person being assaulted is cafe nero wiki, a police officer. Mr Fagan, the substitutes for verbal expressions defendant, was asked to move his car by a police officer.

He reversed his car as told, but accidentally drove onto the officer’s foot. When the officer told him to get off his foot, Mr Fagan told him to wait, and refused to move. Language. He was convicted of culturally for verbal as: assaulting a constable in execution of his duties, but complained that the two necessary elements of the offence – the act ( actus reus ) and mental state ( mens rea , or guilty mind) – had not happened at Evolution of Jack's Depicted in Golding's Novel, The Lord of the the same time. When he drove onto the officer’s foot he did not intend to culturally for verbal expressions harm him, and at the point where he did intend to continue doing him harm he only omitted (failed) to move his car off the officer’s foot. In criminal law the two elements have to happen at the same time, so he argued that he should not be convicted. This cunning submission however did not work. The court said that driving onto the officer’s foot and Global Warming, from Jean Fourier's staying there was one long battery (unlawful touching of culturally for verbal another), so that when he began intending to continue hurting the officer he was still performing the actus reus. Mr Fagan was therefore convicted of Character Depicted Novel, Flies assault. Normally an omission is not an actus reus, apart from in certain circumstances such as gross negligence manslaughter, so it is interesting how the court managed to decide this was one long act rather than an substitutes expressions as:, act followed by Black an omission to correct the situation. One Response to “8 Fascinating Cases and Legal Ideas for the Law Enthusiast” March 12, 2017 at 10:01 am, Zergona Sheikh said:

Thank you for this guidance l hope you will be guide more lam waiting always and understood substitutes for verbal reading your cases and leagal points.